Antioxidants are molecules that fight damage by free radicals, unstable molecules that can harm cellular structures. Antioxidants do this by giving electrons to the free radicals and neutralizing them.
Humans and other organisms maintain their structure and function by chemical reactions. All the chemical reactions needed to sustain life are collectively known as metabolism.
In these chemical reactions, bigger molecules are broken down into smaller molecules, and smaller molecules are organized into bigger molecules. In order for a molecule to be stable, it must contain the right amount of electrons. If the molecule loses an electron when it isn't supposed to, it can turn into a free radical.
Free radicals are unstable, electrically charged molecules in the cells that can react with other molecules (like DNA) and damage them. They can even form chain reactions, where the molecules they damage also turn into free radicals.
This is where antioxidants come in... if a molecule loses an electron and turns into a free radical, the antioxidant molecule steps in and "gives" the free radical an electron, effectively neutralizing
Free radicals are constantly being formed during metabolism. Without antioxidants, they would destroy our bodies very quickly. However, it's important to keep in mind that free radicals also serve important functions that are essential for our survival.
For example, the body's immune cells use free radicals to kill bacteria that try to infect us. As with so many things in the body, we need a certain balance... we need the right amount of free radicals, and the right amount of antioxidants to keep them in check.
When this balance gets disrupted, things can start to go wrong. When the free radicals (pro-oxidants) outnumber the antioxidants, this can lead to a state called oxidative stress. During oxidative stress, important molecules in the body can become severely damaged... sometimes even leading to cell death.
Several stress factors and lifestyle habits are known to promote excessive free radical formation and oxidative stress:
High blood sugar levels
Consuming large amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Radiation, including excessive sunbathing.
Infections by bacteria, fungi or viruses.
Excessive intake of iron, magnesium, copper, or zinc.
Too little oxygen in the body.
Too much oxygen in the body.
Intense and prolonged exercise, which causes tissue damage.
Excessive intake of antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E.
Hydrogen enriched water is ideal antioxidant as hydrogen neutralizing some free radical and in the process creating water as by product of this reaction which helps increasing moisture content in the tissues. Misting hydrogen rich water on to the skin surface will allow deep penetration of hydrogen in to the basal level of skin and attack free radicals. Mili pure spray producing hydrogen rich water using proven electrolyses technology and it will allow to measure levels of hydration in real time using smart mili app. Skin is exposed to sun rays, environmental pollutants and will suffer fromother sources of free radical creation as explained earlier in this article. It is important to help maintaining balance between free radicals and antioxidants. As with any other issue in life prevention is the best medication.